Common Names: Kapok, Ceiba, Silk-cotton tree
The Kapok tree is an emergent tree of the tropical rainforests, and is often described as majestic. It can grow to a height of 150 feet or more, towering over other trees in the rainforest. Originally a native to South America it now has spread to the primary rainforests of West Africa, and the Southeast Asian rainforests of the Malay Peninsula, and the Indonesian archipelago.
The straight trunks are cylindrical, smooth and gray in color, and can reach a diameter of 9 feet. Large spines protrude from the trunk to discourage damage to the trunk. Thin, plank type buttresses stabilize the giant and can extend to 30 feet. The wood is a pinkish white to ashy brown in color, with a
straight grain. The branches grow in horizontal tiers, and spread widely.
The crown has an open umbrella shape. Many plants and animals grow and live in the branches of the kapok tree. Birds nest in it, and mammals use the huge branches as highways. Frogs breed in the pools of water that collect in the bromeliads.
Kapoks are drought deciduous. This means they shed most or all of their leaves during the tropical dry season. The dry season occurs during the northern hemisphere winter. The leaves are palmate and compound. The 5-9 leaflets are 7-8 cm long and 1-3.5 cm wide. Flowers usually open before the leaves appear, and are clustered on small, new branches. The 5 petals of a flower are about 2.5 cm long and are a creamy white or pale pink in color. Their odor is unpleasan, but is probably meant to attract the bats that pollinate them. The brown seeds are round like peas and are found in pods. The pods are woody, smooth and pendulous, with a light green color. They will burst open while still on the tree after the leaves have fallen. Inside a whitish cotton like fiber surrounds the brown seeds. These are born away on the wind. Most emergent trees will have wind borne seeds because they rise above the stagnant air of the rainforest and can take advantage of the breezes which blow there. Fruit bearing plants close to the forest floor rely on animals to eat and disperse their seeds, which will fall to the ground when ripe, and which are normally covered with a thick, appetizing pulp.
In many places the straight trunks of the kapok tree are used to make dugout canoes. The white, fluffy seed covering is used in pillows and mattresses. Since it is buoyant and water resistant it is often used in flotation devices and padding. The seeds, leaves, bark and resin have been used to treat dysentery, fever, asthma, and kidney disease. In Mayan myths the kapok tree was sacred. They believed that the souls of the dead would climb up into the branches which reached into heaven.
The kapok tree is widely spread around the world and occupies an important niche in the ecosystem of a rainforest. Emergent trees like the kapok rise above the canopy of the rainforest and provide a home for plants dependent on sunlight. Their branches provide a habitat for countless epiphytes, which provide food and shelter for many types or animals. They allow animals to move around the rainforest without coming down to the ground. Monkeys who venture out to the tops of emergent trees are easy prey for eagles.
There is no status on the kapok tree. Its timber is desirable because of the great length of its trunks, the beautiful color of its wood, and its straight grain. People of the rainforest have many uses for the kapok tree. As with many desirable things, too many people may want to exploit the kapok tree and put its future in jeopardy.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Species:T. nudifloraTetrameles nudiflora
is a species of plant
in the family Tetramelaceae
. It is a large deciduous
tree found across southern Asia from India through southeast Asia, Malesia and into northern Australia. It is called chundul
(চুন্দুল) in Bengali
] Robert Brown
described Tetrameles nudiflora
in 1844, from material collected in Java. Its species name is derived from the Ancient Greek tetra
"four" and melos
"part", and refers to the flower having four sepals. The species name is from the Latin nudiflora
"bare flowers". It is the only species in its genus Tetrameles
. It and Octomeles sumatrana
are the only two species in the family Tetramelaceae
. They were previously classified in theDatiscaceae
but found genetically to not form a natural clade with the other members of that family.Description[edit source
grows as a large tree to 20 m (70 ft) high with a spread of 10 m (35 ft). The trunk is buttressed, and the bark is shiny brown. The tree often contains large hollows in the trunk or branches. It is deciduous, bare of leaves between October and December in Australia.Many specimens have grown to immense proportions of height and width; In Vietnam
, a number of fine specimens
are shown to visitors in Cat Tien National Park
- one within walking distance of the park headquarters.Distribution and habitat[edit source
- Jump up^ "False Hemp Tree". Flowers of India.
- ^ Jump up to: Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A. et al. (Dec 2010). "Factsheet – Tetrameles nudiflora". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 5 May 2013.
- ^ Jump up to: Elliot, Rodger W.; Jones, David L.; Blake, Trevor (2010). Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation: Volume 9 – Sp-Z. Port Melbourne: Lothian Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-7344-0974-4.
- ^ Jump up to: "Tetrameles". Flora of China.
- Jump up^ "Phylogenetic relationships in the order Cucurbitales and a new classification of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae)". Taxon 60 (1): 122–38. 2011.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Species:F. tinctoriaFicus tinctoria
, also known as Dye Fig
, Humped Fig
is a hemiepiphytic
tree of genus Ficus
. It is also one of the species known as Strangler fig
.It is found in Asia
, northern Australia
, and the South Pacific islands.In Australia
it is recorded as a medium sized tree with smooth, oval green leaves. It is found often growing in rocky areas or over boulders. The leaves are asymmetrical.The small rust brown of the dye fig are the source of a red dye
used in traditional fabric making in parts of Oceania
.The fruit is also used for medicinal purposes.
- Jump up^ "The Plant List: F. tinctoria".
- Jump up^ "The Plant List: F. tinctoria subsp. gibbosa".
- ^ Jump up to: Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A. et al. (Dec 2010)."Factsheet – Ficus tinctoria". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 16 Mar 2013.
- Jump up^ Janet Franklin, Gunnar Keppel, and W. Arthur Whistler (2008). "The vegetation and flora of Lakeba, Nayau and Aiwa Islands, Central Lau Group, Fiji". Micronesica 40: 169–225.
External links[edit source
]Wikimedia Commons has media to: Ficus tinctoria
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Species:D. decandra Diospyros decandra
, is a tropical
tree in the Ebony family
. Its flowers are white.It is a tree in Vietnam
where it is grown in urban areas and to temples. It is also the provincial tree of Chanthaburi Province
]Its fruits are yellow-colored and are known as "Gold Apple". They have a strong fragrant smell and have medicinal value.
- Jump up^ Heritage trees in Hue City
- Jump up^ Herbs for health